[The Secret Committee]
The history of
psychoanalysis was marked out by numerous baffling breaks. Since the very moment Freud started being surrounded by collaborators, disagreements also began. Many of his ardent supporters later objected to
psychoanalytical theories he had established and they even set up their own schools - as in the cases of Alfred Adler
(individual psychology) and C. G. Jung (analytical psychology).
Adler and Stekel, the first shifts from Freudian line, as well as his guess that C.G. Jung would also make the decisive step towards a break, convinced Ernest Jones
to suggest the creation of a group of trustworthy and loyal psychoanalysts around Freud, as a sort of "Old Guard".
The suggestion was made in Vienna, during a talk with
Ferenczi, in 1912. In a letter dated July 30th
the same year, Jones revealed his intention to Freud, and the latter agreed with it. In addition to Jones and Ferenczi, "The Committee" of loyal supporters also admitted Rank, Sachs
and Abraham as members.
On Freud's suggestion, Eitingon became the sixth member, in 1919.
The group was dissolved 20 years after its creation.
Made up of Freud's most loyal supporters, the committee consisted of six members (from left to right): Rank, who was
to make his own shift later on, Abraham, Eitingon, Jones, Ferenczi and Sachs (-> click the figures to read more about them).
>> See also
The Wednesday Psychological Society